Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

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BradH
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Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by BradH » Mon Apr 15, 2019 10:26 am

Is there any public-domain research or testing available on possible benefits of tapered quench pads for NA applications?

This would be where the quench area has a small divergent angle from the cylinder-side to the plug-side of the pad (a "mini wedge" rather than parallel surfaces between the piston top and the cylinder head). I presume it's similar to what I hear as "softening" the chamber for power-adder applications.

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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by Mikej26 » Mon Apr 15, 2019 11:08 am

I don’t have any info, but I’ve been wonder this same thing and am looking forward to what others have to say.

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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by n2xlr8n » Mon Apr 15, 2019 11:27 am

BradH wrote:
Mon Apr 15, 2019 10:26 am
Is there any public-domain research or testing available on possible benefits of tapered quench pads for NA applications?

Thanks - Brad
I saw an attachment or a link in the last 3 days posted here regarding this; it was a paper on the design considerations for a Toyota 4 cylinder.
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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by GARY C » Mon Apr 15, 2019 11:37 am

I have been asking that for about 10 years now with no luck, in a recent discussion on FaceBook with power adder guys running different versions of soft chambers it seems they never gave it a thought as to the possible benefit of directing the quench on a na engine.
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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by BOOT » Mon Apr 15, 2019 12:56 pm

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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by Powertrip » Mon Apr 15, 2019 1:22 pm

The Toyota paper discussed a directed squish, not a tapered quench if I'm reading that paper correctly. There is a lot of anecdotal evidence in the two stroke and Harley bike world, but nothing as far as track or dyno proof. It is something I would like to investigate one day.
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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by Truckedup » Mon Apr 15, 2019 1:46 pm

Maybe this is directed quench? This is on my hemi head vintage race bike...The quench you see is about .032-035......Does it work? I don't know but the engine , more moderately tuned and running lower rpm than the others, put the competition on the trailer for a few years in my land speed racing class...

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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by learner1 » Mon Apr 15, 2019 2:54 pm

As of yet i don't believe in tapered or angled cylinder head quench pads, however, my opinion is subject to change. I feel quench is very important and a tapered pad would reduce it and i wouldn't reduce the quench with a taper or angle in favor of directing it. I do believe in directing the mixture by shaping the piston to create quench and i believe in un-even quench pads.

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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by Newold1 » Mon Apr 15, 2019 6:45 pm

Do a search here on Speedtalk on both "quench" and "squish". Quote a bit of good input and findings.

Also go to Larry Widmers work at www.theoldone.com
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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by Newold1 » Mon Apr 15, 2019 6:48 pm

Do a search here on Speedtalk on both "quench" and "squish". Quote a bit of good input and findings.

Also go to Larry Widmers work at www.theoldone.com
The Older I Get, The Dumber I Get :wink:

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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by digger » Mon Apr 15, 2019 7:20 pm

Tapered squish is surfaces that are not parallel? Some of what is being talked about seems to be "angled" squish bands

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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by GARY C » Mon Apr 15, 2019 7:23 pm

Is a quench pad even needed or was it just the best place to fill in the piston to achieve the needed compression goals?

I think people trying to push the limits of crappy fuel led to the belief that all engines need a tight quench area but many high compression naturally aspirated race engines have been done with no quench pad what so ever as well as OEM engine with compression to fit the fuel at the pump, the big difference is that they run the proper fuel for the engine.

Here is an example of the type of piston. Image

Another Image
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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by pcnsd » Mon Apr 15, 2019 10:06 pm

There is a lot of conjecture regarding definitions and with regards to what others may have written I suppose it remains unclear at least to me. Regarding specifically the linked PDF. They are using squish to describe a parallel and angled piston to chamber shape and describing what sounds a lot like flame masking.
TAPER SQUISH COMBUSTION CHAMBER – The
squish area formed by the piston top and cylinder head
bottom surface has been tapered by being inclined along
the cylinder head combustion chamber wall (Fig. 10) .
This taper squish shape reduces the masking portion
around the intake valve when it is open, increasing intake
air volume (Fig. 11). Moreover, in the early stage of combustion,
this taper squish helps combustion pressure to
increase gradually and, at the latter part of combustion,
increases the burning velocity (Fig. 12), thereby en-hancing
anti-knock quality. It is inferred that the increase of
flow velocity to the squish area promotes the flame propagation
to the end of the squish area upon piston descent
(Fig. 13). Fig. 14 shows the benefits of the improved performance
in the prototype stage.
Really is worth reading and reviewing the various figures and will answer many of the questions posed here.
https://www.spyderchat.com/1zzfe.pdf

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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by Dave Koehler » Tue Apr 16, 2019 7:51 am

SBC 327, 462 casting. Tapered area over the spark plug area.
Is this an example of the tapered quench thinking from way back?
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Re: Benefits of tapered quench for NA applications?

Post by Truckedup » Tue Apr 16, 2019 8:54 am

More of my vintage bike junk but i think it applicable....notice the 'sloped" thin squish band around the piston circumference that matches an area on the head...I milled the cylinder to get a .032 squish....These hemi head lumps are detonation prone on 93 octane with 9-1 compression because there was no effective squish from the factory....My bike engine runs detonation free on lower octane with a measured 9.15 compression and similar cam timing..I would have to say it works in my situation...

Image

It seems from photos that newer stock sportbikes making far more N/A HP per displacement than any factory produced car ,have a narrow squish band around the combustion chamber....
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